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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: A Simple and Cost-effective Method to Screen for Transpiration Efficiency in Sorghum

Authors
item Xin, Zhanguo
item Franks, Cleve
item Burke, John

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 17, 2006
Publication Date: November 17, 2006
Citation: Xin, Z., Franks, C.D., Burke, J.J. 2006. A simple and cost-effective method to screen for transpiration efficiency in sorghum. International Center for Arid and Semiarid Land Studies.

Technical Abstract: Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is a widely-grown cereal grain and a dietary staple for more than 500 million people worldwide. Sorghum is grown primarily in arid and semi-arid regions with no or limited irrigation. Enhanced transpiration efficiency (TE), defined as total biomass produced per unit water transpired, could have a large impact on sorghum yield and yield stability. We have developed a mini-lysimetric method that directly measures the whole plant TE in sorghum during the early vegetative stage under greenhouse conditions. TE in sorghum lines can be accurately determined in a 2.2-liter pot by using a high water-holding-capacity potting mix with a single saturated watering at the time of planting. The genetic variation in TE of 11 inbred lines and three hybrids were evaluated under two conditions. Although TE was significantly different between the two experiments, similar genotypic rankings were observed across experiments. Our method offers a high throughput and affordable way to determine whole plant level TE in sorghum. This method should be easily amendable to determine TE in other crops.

Last Modified: 10/22/2014
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