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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: NUTRIENT CYCLING AND UTILIZATION ON ORGANIC DAIRY FARMS

Location: New England Plant, Soil and Water Research Laboratory

Title: Accumulation of N and P in Pasture Soil by Repeated Poultry Litter Accumulation

Authors
item He, Zhongqi
item Tazisong, Irenus - ALABAMA A&M UNIVERSITY
item Senwo, Zachary - ALABAMA A&M UNIVERSITY
item Zhang, Donglin - UNIVERSITY OF MAINE

Submitted to: International Symposium on Soil and Plant Analysis
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: February 19, 2007
Publication Date: June 11, 2007
Citation: He, Z., Tazisong, I.A., Senwo, Z.N., Zhang, D. 2007. Accumulation of N and P in Pasture Soil by Repeated Poultry Litter Accumulation. International Symposium on Soil and Plant Analysis. Page 53

Technical Abstract: Poultry litter is a traditionally inexpensive and effective fertilizer to improve soil quality and agricultural productivity. However, over application to soil has raised concern because excess nutrients in runoff could accelerate the eutrophication of fresh water. In this work, we determined the contents of total P, Mehlich 3 extracted P, total N, NH4-N, and NO3-N, in pasture soils receiving annual poultry litter applications of 0, 2.27, 2.27, 3.63, and 1.36 Mg/ha/ yr, respectively, for 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 years. Samples were collected from three soil depths (0–20, 20-40, and 40-60 cm) of the Hartsells series (fine-loamy, siliceous, subactive, thermic, Typic Hapludults) on a 3-8% slope in the Sand Mountain region of north Alabama. PL application increased levels of total P, Mehlich 3 extracted P, and total N significantly. However, NH4-N and NO3-N contents were not changed. Correlation analysis indicated that the contents of total P, Mehlich 3 extracted P, and total N were more related to cumulative amounts of poultry litter applied than the years of application or annual application rates alone. This observation suggested that N and P from poultry litter accumulated in soil. Predicting the build-up based on the cumulative amounts of PL application, rather than on isolated factors (i.e. application year or rate), would improve the accuracy of evaluating the long-term impacts of poultry litter application on soil nutrients.

Last Modified: 7/28/2014
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