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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: BIOCONTROL OF FUMONISIN AND OTHER MYCOTOXINS IN CORN AND TALL FESCUE WITH MICROBIAL ENDOPHYTES Title: Phenotypic subtyping and colonization studies of the maize endophyte Bacillus mojavensis

Authors
item Olubajo, Babatunde
item Hinton, Dorothy
item Bacon, Charles

Submitted to: Phytopathology
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 1, 2007
Publication Date: July 28, 2007
Citation: Olubajo, B.A., Hinton, D.M., Bacon, C.W. 2007. Phenotypic subtyping and colonization studies of the maize endophyte Bacillus mojavensis. Phytopathology. 97:S87.

Interpretive Summary: Abstract - no summary required.

Technical Abstract: Bacillus mojavensis was discovered in corn kernels and later determined to possess endophytic characteristics. The bacterium was also determined to have biocontrol potential due to its growth inhibition of the maize mycotoxic fungus Fusarium verticillioides. Maize plants with endophytic bacterium also displayed a marked improvement in growth and development, disease protection, and mycotoxin reduction. In an effort to further understand this relationship, and select suitable biocontrol candidates, a library of B. mojavensis strains was subjected to genomic fingerprint analysis. Subsequently, a phenotypic analysis of the strains was then compared to the genomic subtyping data to identify strains with beneficial endophytic properties. Furthermore the bacterial endophyte was transformed with the gene for the cyan fluorescent protein for endophytic colonization studies. These experiments formed the framework for developing methods of assessing fungal endophytic/bacterial endophyte/plant interaction for the use of B. mojavensis as an agent for the biocontrol of F. verticillioides.

Last Modified: 12/19/2014
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