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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IMPROVED ISOLATION, MODIFICATION, AND FUNCTIONALITY OF GRAIN PROTEINS FOR NEW PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT Title: Viscoelastic Properties of a Biological Hydrogel Produced from Soybean Oil

Authors
item Xu, Jingyuan
item Liu, Zengshe
item Erhan, Sevim

Submitted to: IUPAC Congress
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 7, 2007
Publication Date: August 7, 2007
Citation: Xu, J., Liu, Z., Erhan, S.Z. 2007. Viscoelastic properties of a biological hydrogel produced from soybean oil [abstract]. IUPAC Congress. p. 89.

Technical Abstract: Hydrogels formed from biopolymers or natural sources have special advantages because of their biodegradable and biocompatible properties. The viscoelastic properties of a newly developed biological hydrogel made from modified vegetable oil, epoxidized soybean oil (ESO) were investigated. The material named HPESO is a hydrolytic product of polymerized ESO (PESO). HPESO exhibited viscoelastic solid or gel behavior above 2% (wt. %) at room temperature and viscous liquid behavior at 55 deg C. The thermal assembly-disassembly-reassembly function of the HPESO hydrogel was completely reversible. The viscoelastic properties of HPESO were strongly dependent on concentration. The analysis of modulus and concentration dependence and stress relaxation measurement indicated that HPESO was a physical gel meaning the cross-linkers between the molecules were physical junctions. HPESO hydrogel also showed fast initial partially recovery of its viscoelastic properties after being subject to a mechanical shear disruption. The function and behavior of the HPESO hydrogel suggest that this biomaterial be a candidate for application in drug delivery and scaffolds of bioengineering and tissue engineering.

Last Modified: 4/20/2014