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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Yield and Grade of Valencia Peanut in Single Row, Twin Row, and Diamond Planting Patterns

Authors
item Nuti, Russell
item Puppala, Naveen - NM STATE UNIVERSITY
item Angadi, Sangamesh - NM STATE UNIVERSITY
item Sorensen, Ronald

Submitted to: Western Society of Crop Science Proceedings
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 23, 2007
Publication Date: June 18, 2007
Citation: Nuti, R.C., Puppala, N., Angadi, S., Sorensen, R.B. 2007. Yield and grade of valencia peanut in single row, twin row, and diamond planting patterns. Western Society of Crop Science Proceedings.

Interpretive Summary: none required.

Technical Abstract: A study was conducted at Wayne Baker’s farm South of Clovis in 2006 to compare single row, twin row, and diamond planting patterns in Valencia peanut on 36 inch beds. The twin row and diamond pattern treatments were planted with an experimental planter developed at the USDA-ARS National Peanut Research Laboratory in Dawson, GA. The diamond pattern is established by planting 4 rows on a bed and placing seed equidistant from each other to optimize individual plant growing space. This is potentially beneficial for bunch-type peanut with erect growth and tap root fruiting habits. The purpose of this study was to identify which of three different planting patterns provided the most agronomic benefit in Valencia peanut and determine an optimum plant population for the diamond pattern. Farmer stock yield of single row plots was 3175 lb per acre which was significantly less than the 4000 to 4325 lb per acre produced by twin row and diamond planting patterns. Peanut grade was similar between all planting patterns ranging between 57 and 62 resulting in value ranging between $298 and $312 per farmer stock ton. Economic analysis including seed cost and crop value were carried out to determine actual return with the assumption that all other production costs are fixed.

Last Modified: 7/25/2014
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