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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: COUNTERMEASURES TO PREVENT AND CONTROL BRUCELLOSIS IN LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE RESERVOIRS Title: Vaccination in Conservation Medicine

Authors
item Plumb, G - NATIONAL PARK SERVICE
item Babiuk, L - UNIV. OF SASKATCHEWAN
item Mazet, J - UNIV. OF CA
item Olsen, Steven
item Pastoret, P - WORLD ORG. FOR ANIMAL H.
item Rupprecht, C - CENTER FOR DISEASE CONTR.
item Slate, D - USDA, WILDLIFE SERVICES

Submitted to: Electronic Publication
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: March 13, 2007
Publication Date: June 1, 2007
Repository URL: http://www.nfid.org/pdf/conferences/vaccine06abstracts.pdf
Citation: Plumb, G., Babiuk, L., Mazet, J., Olsen, S.C., Pastoret, P.P., Rupprecht, C., Slate, D. 2007. Vaccination in Conservation Medicine. Electronic Publication. Available: www.nfid.org/pdf/conferences/vaccine06abstracts.pdf

Interpretive Summary: These social and population changes around the world are encroaching upon and threatening habitats of wildlife, including endangered species. These changes are increasing interactions of people with wildlife or semi-domestic animals which may harbor zoonotic diseases. Emerging human diseases are increasingly tied to transmission either directly or indirectly from wildlife reservoirs. Vaccination offers an opportunity for addressing emerging diseases in their host species. However, immunization of free-ranging wildlife offers numerous challenges and will probably require combination with other management strategies to maximum the benefits to public health and conservation medicine.

Technical Abstract: Unprecedented human population growth and anthropogenic environmental changes have resulted in increased numbers of people living in closer contact with more animals (wild, domestic, and peridomestic) than at any other time in history. Intimate linkage of human and animal health is not a new phenomenon. However, the global scope of contemporary zoonoses has no historical precedent. Indeed, most human infectious diseases classed as emerging are zoonotic, and many of these have spilled over from natural wildlife reservoirs into humans either directly or via domestic or peridomestic animals. Conservation medicine has recently emerged as a meaningful discipline to address the intersection of animal, human, and ecosystem health. Interest in the development of novel vaccines for wildlife encounters important challenges that may prevent progress beyond the conceptual phase. Although notable examples of successful wildlife immunization programmes exist, depending upon key considerations, vaccination may or may not prove to be effective in the field. When implemented, wildlife vaccination requires a combination of novel zoonosis pathogen management strategies and public education to balance conservation, economic, and public health issues.

Last Modified: 4/24/2014
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