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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Five year spinning study

Authors
item Foulk, Jonn
item Gamble, Gary
item Senter, Herman - CLEMSON UNIVERSITY
item Meredith, William

Submitted to: Bremen International Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: February 27, 2008
Publication Date: April 2, 2008
Citation: Foulk, J.A., Gamble, G.R., Senter, H., Meredith Jr, W.R. 2008. Five year spinning study. 29th Bremen International Cotton Conference, April 2-5, 2008, Bremen, Germany. p.282-293.

Interpretive Summary: Cottons in this study demonstrated fiber quality traits that allow them to operate at high speeds on the latest generation of ring spinning equipment. Cotton quality is affected by cotton variety and growing conditions, which vary by year and harvesting location. Raw cotton fiber quality measurements were performed on several lots of cotton and subsequently spun into yarn at the CQRS laboratory by the ring spinning method with several characteristics of the yarn measured for each lot. This manuscript explores the common fiber quality measurements obtained from the HVI and AFIS along with supplementary fiber quality measurements such as frictional properties, metal content, waxes, pectins, glucose levels, and other classical and slower fiber measurements including Stelometer, Suter-Webb arrays, Shirley Analyzer, and Peyer. This manuscript explores fiber quality measurements and how they predict yarn quality and processing efficiencies.

Technical Abstract: The USDA-ARS Cotton Quality Research Station (CQRS) has complete a comprehensive study of the relationship of cotton fiber properties to the quality of ring spun yarn. Cottons in this study demonstrated fiber quality traits that allow them to operate at high speeds on the latest generation of ring spinning equipment. Fiber quality measurements supplied by the High Volume Instrumentation and Advance Fiber Information System are not sufficient to as processing speeds increase. Additional fiber quality measurements are crucial to improving plant varieties, production practices, machinery design, and processing efficiency. Cotton was grown and harvested in 2001-2005 from three of the largest producing growing regions (Georgia, Mississippi, and Texas) in the US and subsequently ginned at their respective locations. Cotton was spun into ring yarn at the CQRS laboratory. This manuscript explores the common fiber quality measurements obtained from the HVI and AFIS along with supplementary fiber quality measurements such as frictional properties, metal content, waxes, pectins, glucose levels, and other classical and slower fiber measurements including Stelometer, Suter-Webb arrays, Shirley Analyzer, and Peyer. This manuscript explores fiber quality measurements and how they predict yarn quality and processing efficiencies.

Last Modified: 9/1/2014
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