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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: SOIL AND CROP MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS TO SUSTAIN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION AND ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY IN THE NORTHERN GREAT PLAINS

Location: Soil Management Research

Title: Vertical distribution of corn stover dry mass

Authors
item Johnson, Jane
item Wilhelm, Wallace
item Lightle, David - USDA-NRCS
item Karlen, Douglas
item Baker, John
item Ochsner, Tyson
item Novak, Jeffrey
item Halvorson, Ardell
item Archer, David
item Laird, David

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: October 9, 2008
Publication Date: October 9, 2008
Citation: Johnson, J.M., Wilhelm, W.W., Lightle, D., Karlen, D.L., Baker, J.M., Ochsner, T.E., Novak, J.M., Halvorson, A.D., Archer, D.W., Laird, D.A. 2008. Vertical distribution of corn stover dry mass [abstract][CD-ROM]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting. Oct. 5-9, 2008, Houston, TX.

Technical Abstract: Ethanol production from biomass may reduce reliance on imported fossil fuel, increase revenue for farmers and rural communities, and reduce rates of greenhouse gas production. Corn stover and other crop biomass are viewed by the renewable energy industry as an inexpensive, "unused" source of feedstock for ethanol production. The vast projected need for feedstock to "fuel" the emerging cellulosic ethanol industry will result in much of this biomass being removed from fields. Traditionally, crop residues in grain crop production systems have remained in the field as the surface cover essential to reduce runoff, minimize soil erosion and replenish soil organic carbon. To sustain crop production and control loss of water and soil from the landscape, new or modified erosion prediction tools that accommodate stover removal as part of the crop management schemes will be needed. Objectives were 1) determine the height distribution of corn biomass; 2) determine the percentage of stover that is corn cob; and 3) develop a general relationship between plant harvest height and stover remaining in the field for use with RUSLE2. A minimum of two replicates with 10 individual plants were collected; height and dry biomass were recorded in 10-cm increments. The experiment was repeated at seven locations (Ames, IA; Fort Collins, CO; Florence, SC; Lincoln, NE; Mandan, ND; Morris, MN; St. Paul, MN). [REAP publication]

Last Modified: 8/22/2014
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