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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Lubrication fluids from branched fatty acid methyl esters

Authors
item Doll, Kenneth
item Sharma, Brajendra - PENN STATE UNIVERSITY
item Erhan, Sevim

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 2, 2008
Publication Date: July 18, 2008
Citation: Doll, K.M., Sharma, B.K., Erhan, S.Z. 2008. Lubrication fluids from branched fatty acid methyl esters [abstract]. Midwest Bioenergy Research Forum. Poster 6.

Technical Abstract: We have invented a new method for the synthesis of lubrication fluids using natural vegetable oils. Ordinary vegetable oils are good lubricants, but in their native form, they lack the stability necessary for many applications. Materials made using this new technology display significantly increased stability, yet maintain good lubricating ability. Coefficients of friction, measured in a ball-on-disk test, were much lower when the branched ester materials were used, as compared to fluid without the additives. The materials also have the ability to flow at low temperatures, which was measured by pour point analysis. Starting from commercially available epoxidized soybean oil based compounds, our product can be made without additional catalyst and in high yield, an advantage over other methods of modifying vegetable oil. This technology could benefit those who want to use lubricants, especially those industries where lubrication is lost to the environment, such as forestry.

Last Modified: 12/17/2014