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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: MOLECULAR AND GENETIC MECHANISMS OF HESSIAN FLY RESISTANCE IN SOFT WINTER WHEAT

Location: Crop Production and Pest Control Research

Title: Ultrastructural changes and transcriptional responses to resistant wheat and starvation in the midgut of Hessian fly larvae

Authors
item Shukle, Richard
item Subramanyan, Subhashree - PURDUE UNIV.
item Omprakash, Mittapalli - OHIO STATE UNIV.
item Williams, Christie

Submitted to: Annals of the Entomological Society of America
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 21, 2008
Publication Date: November 16, 2008
Citation: Shukle, R.H., Subramanyan, S., Omprakash, M., Williams, C.E. 2008. Ultrastructural changes and transcriptional responses to resistant wheat and starvation in the midgut of Hessian fly larvae. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. Available: http://esa.confex.com/esa/2008/webprogram/Paper37700.html.

Technical Abstract: The Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor (Say) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), is an important economic pest of wheat in all the major wheat growing regions of the United States. Virulent genotypes of Hessian fly pose a continuing threat to wheat production due to their ability to overcome genetic resistance. Thus, there is a need to better understand the precise mechanisms by which resistant plants are able to prevail over larval attack. Toxins produced by resistant plants may damage the midgut leading to larval starvation and death. In the present study, we describe ultrastructural differences observed in midguts of larvae residing on resistant versus susceptible wheat compared to larvae experiencing starvation while removed from a plant. Transcriptional responses of genes expressed in larval midguts under these conditions are also referenced.

Last Modified: 7/31/2014
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