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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: DISCOVERY AND DEVELOPMENT OF NATURAL PRODUCT-BASED WEED MANAGEMENT METHODS Title: Genomics and Weeds: A Synthesis

Authors
item Duke, Stephen
item Baerson, Scott
item Gressel, Jonathan - WEIZMANN INSTITUTE-ISRAEL

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: December 8, 2008
Publication Date: September 1, 2009
Citation: Duke, S.O., Baerson, S.R., Gressel, J. 2009. Genomics and Weeds: A Synthesis. In: Weedy and Invasive Plant Genomics, C.N. Stewart, ed., Blackwell Publishing, Singapore. pp. 221-247.

Interpretive Summary: Genomics can be used to solve many problems associated with the management of weeds. New target sites for herbicides have been discovered through functional genomic approaches to determine gene function. Modes of action of herbicides can be clarified or discovered by transcriptome analysis. Understanding crop/weed competition and allelopathy can be improved by gene chip technology to determine transcriptome responses to these processes. Genomic methods can be used to predict the propensity of weed species for evolving resistance to herbicides. These are examples of the many weed problems discussed in this review that can be better understood or solved with the help of genomics.

Technical Abstract: Genomics can be used to solve many problems associated with the management of weeds. New target sites for herbicides have been discovered through functional genomic approaches to determine gene function. Modes of action of herbicides can be clarified or discovered by transcriptome analysis. Understanding crop/weed competition and allelopathy can be improved by gene chip technology to determine transcriptome responses to these processes. Genomic methods can be used to predict the propensity of weed species for evolving resistance to herbicides. These are examples of the many weed problems discussed in this review that can be better understood or solved with the help of genomics.

Last Modified: 11/26/2014
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