Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: January 6, 2009
Publication Date: March 21, 2011
Citation: Kurtzman, C.P. 2011. Hyphopichia von Arx & van der Walt (1976). In: Kurtzman, C.P., Fell, J.W., Boekhout, T., editors. The Yeasts, a Taxonomic Study. Volume 2, 5th edition. New York, NY: Elsevier. p. 435-438. Technical Abstract: This chapter describes the ascomycete yeast genus Hyphopichia and is to be published in “The Yeasts, A Taxonomic Study, 5th edition.” The genus Hyphopichia was derived from the genus Pichia and accepted as valid following a multigene phylogenetic analysis. At present, there are two species assigned to Hyphopichia and seven species of Candida that are associated with the two ascosporic species. Hyphopichia burtonii is worldwide in distribution, but H. heimii has been collected only once and is from decayed, insect infested wood from Equatorial Africa. Hyphopichia burtonii is primarily associated with high starch substrates and is a member of the starch hydrolyzing microbial consortium found in certain grain-based indigenous fermented foods. A few strains of H. burtonii have been isolated from insects, but their role in this habitat is unknown.