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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: COUNTERMEASURES TO PREVENT AND CONTROL AVIAN MYCOPLASMOSIS Title: Influence of Supplemental Dietary Poultry Fat on the Digestive and Reproductive Organ Characteristics of Commercial Layers Inoculated Before or at the Onset of Lay with F-Strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum

Authors
item Park, S -
item Burnham, M -
item Branton, Scott
item Gerard, P -
item Womack, S -
item Peebles, E -

Submitted to: Poultry Science
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: June 25, 2009
Publication Date: January 15, 2010
Citation: Park, S.W., Burnham, M.R., Branton, S.L., Gerard, P.D., Womack, S.K., Peebles, E.D. 2010. Influence of Supplemental Dietary Poultry Fat on the Digestive and Reproductive Organ Characteristics of Commercial Layers Inoculated Before or at the Onset of Lay with F-Strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum. Poultry Science. 89:248-253.

Interpretive Summary: F strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum (FMG) is the predominant vaccine strain used by the commercial table egg industry to combat the production losses (approximately 16 eggs/hen) attributable to infection of hens with field or wild strains of MG. Prior studies have shown the addition of 1.5% supplemental dietary poultry fat to influence feed consumption throughout lay and also the performance early in lay in hens that were inoculated with FMG. The present study was conducted to determine the effect of FMG administered to chickens before lay (12 weeks of age [WOA]) or early in lay (22 WOA) and then provided basal control diets or basal control diets with 1.5% supplemental poultry fat on both digestive and reproductive organ characteristics of commercial layers. Results of the study suggest that the inoculation of FMG at 12 or 22 WOA may increase the relative weight contributions of the isthmus and infundibulum, respectively, to the total mass of the oviduct.

Technical Abstract: The effects of F-strain Mycoplasma gallisepticum (FMG) inoculation and 1.5 % supplemental dietary poultry fat (PF) on the digestive and reproductive organ characteristics of commercial layers at 58 wk of age were investigated. Sham and FMG inoculations were administered at 12 (before lay) and 22 (early in lay) wk of age, and dietary treatments (basal control diets and basal control diets with PF) were initiated at 20 wk of age. Supplemental PF increased BW and decreased isthmal length relative to total oviduct length in hens. Various oviduct segments were also affected by the type and age of inoculation, and these effects were further influenced by the use of PF. In comparison to their time-specific sham-inoculated controls, infundibulum weight relative to BW was increased when birds were inoculated with FMG at 22 wk, whereas isthmus weight relative to total oviduct weight was increased by FMG inoculation at 12 wk of age. However, PF significantly affected infundibulum length relative to total oviduct length only in sham-inoculated birds, and PF significantly increased magnum weight relative to total oviduct weight only in birds inoculated at 22 wk of age (sham or FMG). Furthermore, PF decreased isthmus weight relative to total oviduct weight only in birds that were sham-inoculated (12 or 22 wk). In conclusion, the inoculation of FMG at 12 or 22 wk may increase the relative contributions of the isthmus and infundibulum, respectively, to the total mass of the oviduct. In addition, PF may decrease the relative length of the isthmus and increase the relative weight of the magnum in the oviducts of birds that have been inoculated at 22 wk of age (sham or FMG). Previous studies have shown 1.5 % supplemental dietary PF to influence feed consumption throughout lay and performance early in lay in hens that were inoculated with FMG at 12 wk of age. However, the current results suggest that these influences are not associated with gross changes in the digestive and reproductive organs of the layers.

Last Modified: 12/21/2014
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