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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CHEMICAL MODIFICATIONS OF COTTON TEXTILES Title: Cellulose Modifications and Their Future Application

Authors
item Chang, Sechin
item Condon, Brian
item Edwards, Judson
item Prevost, Nicolette

Submitted to: Proceedings of American Chemical Society National Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: February 20, 2009
Publication Date: March 24, 2009
Citation: Chang, S., Condon, B.D., Edwards, J.V., Prevost, N.T. 2009. Cellulose Modifications and Their Future Application [abstract]. Proceedings of American Chemical Society National Meeting. CELL 48.

Technical Abstract: In this poster, we will describe the synthesis and structural characterizations of a benzyl-, nitrobenzyl-, and aminobenzyl celluloses. Nitrobenzyl- and aminobenzyl cellulose derivatives are synthesized by etherification process in lithium chloride/N,N-dimethylacetamide homogeneous solution. Nitrobenzylation was affected in 80% yield by treating a mixture of microcrystalline cellulose (20ìm), 4-dimethyl aminopyridine (DMAP) and 4-nitobenzyl chloride (4eq.) at 80 degree C for overnight. Nitro-benzyl cellulose was then reduced to amino-benzyl cellulose in 93% yield with indium metal in ethanol and saturated aqueous ammonium chloride. Also, we converted the poly (ethylene oxide) dibromide to poly (ethylene oxide) diazides and reacted to study cycloaddition polymerization with bisphenol-A dipropargyl ether to produce elastomers compatible with cotton. The cycloaddition process was studied by differential scanning calorimetry. In addition to the syntheses of the desired products their structural characterizations by FT-IR, CP/MAS 13C NMR, NMR (1H, 13C, 15N), DSC, and TGA methods will be shown.

Last Modified: 10/24/2014
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