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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: EVOLUTIONARY ENZYMES AND SEPARATION PROCESSES FOR IMPROVED BIOREFINING OF CROPS AND RESIDUES

Location: Bioproduct Chemistry and Engineering Research

Title: Cloning and characterization of alpha-glucuronidase enzyme

Authors
item Lee, Charles
item Kibblewhite, Rena
item Wagschal, Kurt
item Wong, Dominic
item Orts, William

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: December 18, 2009
Publication Date: March 21, 2010
Citation: Lee, C.C., Kibblewhite, R.E., Wagschal, K.C., Wong, D., Orts, W.J. 2010. Cloning and characterization of alpha-glucuronidase enzyme. Meeting Abstract.

Technical Abstract: Hemicellulose is the second largest source of biomass on Earth. Xylan, a polymer of beta-1,4-linked xylose residues, is a common component of hemicellulose. The enzymes xylanase and beta-xylosidase hydrolyze the xylan into xylose which can then be fermented into value-added products. However, the accessibility of the substrate is blocked by chemical moieties found on the xylan polymer. One of the most common of these chemical moieties is alpha-glucuronic acid which is attached to the xylose residue via a 1,2-glycosidic linkage. The alpha-glucuronidase enzyme releases the glucuronic acid from the xylose residue and thus allows for full hydrolysis of the xylan polymer. We cloned a gene encoding an alpha-glucuronidase enzyme from a mixed microbial population and biochemically characterized the enzyme and demonstrated its ability to increase overall xylan hydrolysis.

Last Modified: 9/1/2014
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