Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: April 21, 2010
Publication Date: May 1, 2011
Citation: Callaway, T.R., Carroll, J.A., Edrington, T.S., Anderson, R.C., Collier, C.T., Nisbet, D.J. 2011. Citrus products and their use against bacteria: Potential health and cost benefits. In: Watson, R., Gerald, J.L., Preedy, V.R., editors. Nutrients, Dietary Supplements, and Nutriceuticals: Cost Analysis versus Clinical Benefits. New York, NY: Humana Press. p. 277-286. Technical Abstract: Citrus products exhibit natural antimicrobial effects that can impact bacterial populations, including those in the gut. Citrus oils are a natural product that can be fairly simply purified and included in various products, including foods. Orange peel and pulp are by-products of juice production that have high nutritional quality as animal feedstuffs. These products are often included in feedlot and dairy cattle rations as least-cost ingredients. Research indicates that citrus products modify the intestinal microbial population and resultant fermentation, and reduce foodborne pathogenic bacterial populations in animals before they enter the food chain. Further uses of citrus products include sprays used on foods and surfaces. These citrus products characteristics highlight their ability to be used to improve human health at a feasible cost.