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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: EPIDEMIOLOGY, ECOLOGY, AND MOLECULAR GENETICS OF ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE IN PATHOGENIC AND COMMENSAL BACTERIA FROM FOOD ANIMALS

Location: Bacterial Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance

Title: Longitudinal Study on Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns of Salmonella spp. and E. coli obtained from Dairy Cattle in Colorado, USA

Authors
item Villarroel, Aurora -
item Dargatz, David -
item Salman, MO -
item Ladely, Scott -
item Cray, Paula

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 27, 2009
Publication Date: May 27, 2009
Citation: Villarroel, A., Dargatz, D., Salman, M., Ladely, S.R., Cray, P.J. 2009. Longitudinal Study on Antimicrobial Resistance Patterns of Salmonella spp. and E. coli obtained from Dairy Cattle in Colorado, USA. International Conference on the Use of Antimicrobials in Cattle Production. May 27-29,2009.Manhattan, KS.

Technical Abstract: Objective of study: The objective of this study was to describe antimicrobial resistance patterns of Salmonella spp. and non-type specific Escherichia coli isolated from the same animals and same environmental areas over time. Materials and Methods: Sampling occurred at a local dairy over a 12 month period, at 8 week intervals. Samples were collected from animal feces (cows and calves), feed, drinking water, hospital milk, colostrums and alleyway flush water. Results: Salmonella serotypes recovered from environmental and fecal samples collected from the same groups of animals differed. Salmonella serotypes were different between calved and cows. In addition, antimicrobial resistance patterns of both Salmonella and E. coli were different. Conclusions: Based on our data, we conclude that under field conditions Salmonella and E. coli may not exchange genetic material as readily as previously suggested. These results may be partially due to effective biosecurity procedures on this particular dairy, avoiding cross-contamination between cow and calf-areas.

Last Modified: 7/30/2014
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