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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION AND GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT ECOLOGY OF COMMENSAL HUMAN FOOD-BORNE BACTERIAL PATHOGENS IN THE CHICKEN

Location: Poultry Microbiological Safety Research

Title: Minimization of Salmonella Contamination on Raw Poultry

Authors
item Cox, Nelson
item Cason Jr, John
item Richarson, Jason -

Submitted to: Annual Review of Food Science & Technology
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: September 13, 2010
Publication Date: September 27, 2010
Citation: Cox Jr, N.A., Cason Jr, J.A., Richarson, J. 2010. Minimization of Salmonella Contamination on Raw Poultry. Annual Review of Food Science & Technology. 2:75-95.

Technical Abstract: Many reviews have discussed Salmonella in poultry and suggested best practices to minimize this organism on raw poultry meat. Despite years of research and conscientious control efforts by industry and regulatory agencies, human salmonellosis rates have declined only modestly and Salmonella is still found on raw poultry. Expert committees have repeatedly emphasized the importance of controlling risk, but information about Salmonella in poultry is often limited to prevalence, with inadequate information about testing methods or strains of Salmonella that are detected by these methods and no information about any impact on the degree of risk. This review examines some assumptions behind the discussion of Salmonella in poultry: the relationships between sampling and cultural methodology, prevalence and numbers of cells, and the implications of serotype and subtype issues. Minimizing Salmonella contamination of poultry is not likely to reduce human illness until these issues are confronted more systematically.

Last Modified: 4/23/2014
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