Title: Effects of diet switching on growth and immunity in Nile tilapia fed a basal, control diet or a diet supplemented with ß-glucan. Authors
Submitted to: American Fisheries Society Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: September 14, 2010
Publication Date: September 16, 2010
Repository URL: http://riley.nal.usda.gov/nal_web/digi/submission.html
Citation: Welker, T.L., Lim, C.E., Klesius, P.H. 2010. Effects of diet switching on growth and immunity in Nile tilapia fed a basal, control diet or a diet supplemented with ß-glucan.. American Fisheries Society Annual Meeting. 141:68. Technical Abstract: Juvenile Nile tilapia were fed either a basal, control diet or a diet supplemented with 1 g/kg ß -glucan for 4 weeks. At the end of this period, half the fish were continued on the same diet or switched to the other diet for 2 weeks. Tilapia were then challenged with Streptococcus iniae by intraperitoneal injection. Groups were split again post-challenge and continued on the same diet or received the alternative diet for another 3 weeks. Feeding regimens were: C-C-C, B-B-B, B-C-B, B-B-C, and B-C-C (C = control, B = ß –glucan; 4 weeks-2 weeks-Post-disease challenge). Survival to S. iniae infection was significantly higher in fish fed the ß -glucan diet followed by a 2 week basal diet recovery period and then changed back to the ß -glucan supplemented diet post-challenge (B-C-B) than fish fed C-C-C or B-B-B. Growth performance was significantly improved in tilapia on ß -glucan diets compared to the control after 4 weeks. After 6 weeks, tilapia continuously fed the ß -glucan supplemented diets (B-B) had better growth than those fed the control diet uninterrupted (C-C) or switched from the ß -glucan diet to the control (B-C) after 4 weeks.