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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: New and Improved Assessments of Cotton Quality

Location: Cotton Structure and Quality Research

Title: Approaches to Characterize Lint Removed During Processing

Authors
item Delhom, Christopher
item Boykin Jr, James
item Martin, Vikki -
item Cui, Xiaoliang
item Barnes, Ed -

Submitted to: Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International (ASABE)
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: June 1, 2010
Publication Date: June 24, 2010
Citation: Delhom, C.D., Boykin Jr, J.C., Martin, V., Cui, X., Barnes, E. 2010. Approaches to Characterize Lint Removed During Processing. Proceedings of the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers International (ASABE). Paper No. 1008666. 2010.

Interpretive Summary: Foreign matter and undesirable short fibers are left in ginned lint after the seed is removed. Lint cleaners are used to improve the quality of ginned lint in the bale by removing the foreign matter and short fibers. Textile processing provides for further cleaning and material removal. In order to more accurately characterize and predict the performance of a cotton through processing the entire material flow must be analyzed, including but not limited to a mass-balance calculation. Several approaches were examined to characterize the waste flow in greater detail, including the percentage of lint and non-lint content in the waste stream and the quality of the lint in the waste stream to better understand fiber quality changes during fiber-machine interaction. A variety of methods were explored utilizing hand-sorting of the waste material as well as mechanical sorting of the waste material. Lint quality in the waste material was examined using AFIS (Advanced Fiber Information System) both with and without removal of the non-lint material.

Technical Abstract: Ginned cotton lint contains foreign matter and less desirable short fiber after ginning, and lint cleaners are commonly employed to improve the overall quality of ginned lint by removing this material. Textile mills employ opening and cleaning equipment in order to further remove foreign matter and short fibers. In order to more accurately characterize and predict the performance of a cotton through ginning and textile processing the entire material flow must be analyzed including both the quantity and quality of the material removed by various machines. The typical analysis of material removed during processing is strictly a mass-balance calculation to determine the percentage of material removed, while fiber quality testing is performed on the so-called “good” material produced by the processing equipment. Several approaches were examined to characterize the waste flow in greater detail, including the percentage of lint and non-lint content in the waste stream and the quality of the lint in the waste stream to better understand fiber quality changes during fiber-machine interaction. A variety of methods were explored utilizing hand-sorting of the waste material as well as mechanical sorting of the waste material. Lint quality in the waste material was examined using AFIS (Advanced Fiber Information System) both with and without removal of the non-lint material.

Last Modified: 10/25/2014
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