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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF COTTON FOR VALUE ADDED APPLICATIONS

Location: Cotton Chemistry and Utilization Research

Title: New developments in functional medical textiles and their mechanism of action

Authors
item Edwards, Judson
item Goheen, Steve -

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: May 15, 2011
Publication Date: June 1, 2011
Citation: Edwards, J.V., Goheen, S. 2011. New developments in functional medical textiles and their mechanism of action. In: Pan, N., Sun, G., editors. Functional Textiles for Improved Performance, Protection nd Health. Cambridge, UK: Woodhead Publishing Limited. 293-319.

Interpretive Summary: This paper addresses functional medical textiles, which are undergoing a revolution in structural design. Medical textiles as non-implantables, implantables, and extracorporeals, are playing central roles in healthcare improvements enhancing and prolonging the quality of life. Developments in the design of materials that function at the biological-material interface address material biocompatibility and bioactive function. A deeper understanding of the physiological, biochemical and biophysical milieu of biomaterials is being carved out in critical areas like wound healing, implant biocompatibility, dialysis and pressure ulcer prevention, which coupled with advancements in nanotechnology has great promise for tissue engineering and areas of biomaterial design for wound healing and pressure ulcer prevention. Cotton materials are among these and are treated in this paper in the context of wound dressings, bed sore prevention materials as hospital bed sheets and moisture management products.

Technical Abstract: Functional medical textiles are undergoing a revolution in structural design. Medical textiles as non-implantables, implantables, and extracorporeals, are playing central roles in healthcare improvements enhancing and prolonging the quality of life. Developments in the design of materials that function at the biological-material interface address material biocompatibility and bioactive function. A deeper understanding of the physiological, biochemical and biophysical milieu of biomaterials is being carved out in critical areas like wound healing, implant biocompatibility, dialysis and pressure ulcer prevention, which coupled with advancements in nanotechnology has great promise for tissue engineering and areas of biomaterial design for wound healing and prevention.

Last Modified: 9/1/2014
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