|Sugiyama, Junta -|
Submitted to: Mycota
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: July 21, 2011
Publication Date: N/A
Technical Abstract: The phylum Ascomycota has been resolved into three major phylogenetic lineages: the subphyla Saccharomycotina (e.g., Saccharomyces, Pichia, Candida), Taphrinomycotina (e.g., Protomyces, Taphrina, Pneumocystis), and the Pezizomycotina (e.g., Aspergillus, Neurospora, Peziza). We discuss the ecology, physiology, molecular biology, biotechnology, phylogeny, and systematics of the Saccharomycotina and the Taphrinomycotina, which represent the yeasts and yeast-like fungi of the Ascomycota. Major changes in all aspects of our knowledge of these two subphyla have resulted from molecular studies and the focus of the chapter is on these changes and their impact on present and future application of the yeasts.