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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CONTROL OF RUSTS OF CEREAL CROPS

Location: Wheat Genetics, Quality Physiology and Disease Research

Title: Effective genes for resistance to stripe rust and virulences of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici in Pakistan

Authors
item Bux, Hadi -
item Ashraf, Muhammad -
item Chen, Xianming
item Mumtaz, Abdul Samad -

Submitted to: African Journal of Biotechnology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: April 4, 2011
Publication Date: June 20, 2011
Citation: Bux, H., Ashraf, M., Chen, X., Mumtaz, A. 2011. Effective genes for resistance to stripe rust and virulences of Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici in Pakistan. African Journal of Biotechnology. 10:5489-5495.

Interpretive Summary: Virulence patterns of wheat stripe rust were studied under the field conditions across four environmentally different locations: Quaid-i-Azam University (Islamabad), Pirsabak (NWFP), Faisalabad (Punjab) and Sakrand (Sindh) by planting trap nursery of tester lines and Pakistan varieties. The results revealed that stripe rust resistance genes Yr3, Yr5, Yr10, Yr15, Yr26, YrSP and YrCV were effective, while Yr18 showed moderate susceptibility at all locations. Genes YrA-, Yr2, Yr6, Yr7, Yr8, Yr9, Yr17, Yr27 and gene combinations Opata (Yr27+Yr18) and Super Kauz (Yr9, Yr27, Yr18) were ineffective. Among the 51 commercial varieties; Barani70, Marvi2000, Iqbal2000, GA2000 and Seher2006 were resistant. The genes effective against stripe rust under natural conditions may be deployed singly or in combination to develop high yielding resistant wheat varieties in Pakistan.

Technical Abstract: Virulence patterns of wheat stripe rust were studied under the field conditions across four environmentally different locations: Quaid-i-Azam University (Islamabad), Pirsabak (NWFP), Faisalabad (Punjab) and Sakrand (Sindh) by planting trap nursery of tester lines and Pakistan varieties. The results revealed that stripe rust resistance genes Yr3, Yr5, Yr10, Yr15, Yr26, YrSP and YrCV were resistant, while Yr18 showed moderate susceptibility at all locations. Genes YrA-, Yr2, Yr6, Yr7, Yr8, Yr9, Yr17, Yr27 and gene combinations Opata (Yr27+Yr18) and Super Kauz (Yr9, Yr27, Yr18) were found susceptible. Among the fifty-one (51) commercial varieties; Barani70, Marvi2000, Iqbal2000, GA2000 and Seher2006 were found resistant. The genes found effective against stripe rust under natural conditions may be deployed singly or in combination to develop high yielding resistant wheat varieties in Pakistan.

Last Modified: 8/22/2014
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