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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: INTEGRATED APPROACH TO PROCESS AND PACKAGE TECHNOLOGIES

Location: Residue Chemistry and Predictive Microbiology

Title: The effects of integrated treatment of UV light and low dose gamma radiation on Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica on grape tomatoes

Authors
item Mukhopadhyay, Sudarsan
item Ukuku, Dike
item Fratamico, Pina

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 6, 2012
Publication Date: July 22, 2012
Citation: Mukhopadhyay, S., Ukuku, D.O., Fratamico, P.M. 2012. The effects of integrated treatment of UV light and low dose gamma radiation on Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica on grape tomatoes [abstract]. International Association for Food Protection, July 22-25, 2012, Providence, Rhode Island. 1:1.

Technical Abstract: In recent years considerable numbers of foodborne disease outbreaks associated with produce were reported and specifically Tomatoes have been involved with a number of multi state outbreaks. The purpose of this study was to evaluate efficacy of integrated treatment of UVC and low dose Gamma radiation to inactivate inoculated mix Strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica on whole Grape tomatoes. A mix bacterial cocktail composed of a three strain mixture of E. coli O157:H7 (C9490, E02128 and F00475) and a three serotype mixture of S. enterica (S. Montevideo G4639, S. Newport H1275, and S. Stanley H0558) were used for this study. Spot inoculation (50-100 microliter) of tomatoes (surface and stem sites) was performed to achieve population of appropriately 107 CFU/tomato. Inoculated tomatoes were subjected to UVC (253.7 nm) dose of 0.6 KJ/M2 followed by four different low doses of gamma radiations ( 0.1 kGy, 0.25 kGy, 0.5 kGy, 0.75 kGy). The quality aspect (lycopene content, color, and texture) and the fate of background microflora (mesophilic, psychrotrophic, mold and yeast counts) during storage at room temperature ( 22C, 60% RH) over 21 days were also determined. Integrated treatment with UVC light plus low dose radiation significantly (p < 0.05) reduced the population of the target pathogens on whole Grape tomato. Results indicate about 3.40.27 and 3.00.12 log CFU reduction of E. coli O157:H7, and S. enterica per tomato was achieved with UVC treatment (0.6 KJ/M2) combined with 0.25 kGy radiation. Even better, more than a 5 or 6 log CFUreduction per fruit was accomplished by combining UVC treatment with 0.5 kGy and 0.75 kGy radiation respectively for all tested pathogens. Furthermore, UVC light treatment with Gamma radiation significantly (p less than 0.05) reduced the native microflora on tomatoes. Data obtained from this work presents efficacious treatment strategy for produce.

Last Modified: 10/25/2014
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