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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: SYSTEMATICS, GENETIC DIVERSITY ASSESSMENT, AND ACQUISITION OF POTATOES, CARROTS, AND THEIR RELATED WILD RELATIVES Title: Twenty-five years of collecting and taxonomy of wild potatoes

Author
item Spooner, David

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 1, 2012
Publication Date: October 24, 2012
Citation: Spooner, D.M. 2012. Twenty-five years of collecting and taxonomy of wild potatoes [abstract]. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts. Paper No. 258-1.

Technical Abstract: Wild and cultivated potatoes (Solanum section Petota) are a difficult group taxonomically, complicated by interspecific hybridization, introgression, allopolyploidy, a mixture of sexual and asexual reproduction, and possible recent species divergence. Various workers have interpreted the variation that results from these complications in different ways, and have provided quite different estimates of the number of species and their interrelationships. Investigations by various workers over the last 25 years have used a variety of integrated morphological, molecular, and biogeographical approaches to provide a more rational classification of the number of species, and have reduced their number from 232 in 1990 to about 100 today. In addition, there are redefined ingroup and outgroup relationships. These new classifications have been translated in very practical ways by modern taxonomic monographs. These new classifications putatively impact genebank management by simplifying and clarifying relationships in was that guide breeders to all others using the germplasm for basic scientific investigations; put another way, there is a degree of predictivity to taxonomy. Recent investigations question this assumption however, and by extension question predictivity in other fields like core collection strategies.

Last Modified: 12/19/2014
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