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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: PRACTICES TO PROTECT WATER QUALITY AND CONSERVE SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES IN AGRONOMIC AND HORTICULTURAL SYSTEMS IN THE NORTH CENTRAL US

Location: Soil and Water Management Research

Title: Aminocyclopyrachlor sorption in biochar and activated charcoal amended soils

Authors
item Rittenhouse, Jennifer
item Rice, Pamela
item Spokas, Kurt
item Koskinen, William

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 20, 2012
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Aminocyclopyrachlor is a new herbicide active ingredient, classified as a member of the new chemical class “pyrimidine carboxylic acids”. It is used for control of broadleaf weeds and brush on non-cropland. Due to its potential mobility in some soils, there is interest in whether aminocyclopyrachlor mobility could be reduced by soil amendments. This study is aimed at characterizing the adsorption of aminocyclopyrachlor in soils amended with woodchip biochar, activated woodchip biochar, and activated charcoal. Three surface soils and three subsurface soils in Minnesota with varying soil properties (pH 5.8-7.6, 1-3% organic carbon, 3-23% clay) were used in the study. Adsorption-desorption studies were performed using the batch equilibration method. Sorption values in nonamended soils ranged from Kd 0.17-0.63 mL/g. Biochar did not significantly increase adsorption. The range of Kd values for activated biochar amended soils was approximately 4X higher. The greatest Kd values were observed in the activated charcoal amended soils, which ranged from 1,259 to 8,992 mL/g. The surface soils generally had higher Kd values as compared to the subsurface soils. More research is needed to further characterize aminocyclopyrachlor adsorption-desorption in soils amended with biochars from various feed stocks.

Last Modified: 10/24/2014
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