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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Efficient Management and Use of Animal Manure to Protect Human Health and Environmental Quality

Location: Food Animal Environmental Systems Research Unit

Title: Ammonia and nitrous oxide emission profile in an enclosed high-rise swine barn during winter months.

Authors
item Lovanh, Nanh
item Loughrin, John
item Silva, Philip

Submitted to: ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: July 20, 2012
Publication Date: October 21, 2012
Citation: Lovanh, N.C., Loughrin, J.H., Silva, P.J. 2012. Ammonia and nitrous oxide emission profile in an enclosed high-rise swine barn during winter months.. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts. Abstract.

Technical Abstract: Ammonia emission and subsequent deposition can be a major source of pollution, causing nitrogen enrichment, acidification of soils and surface waters, and aerosol formation. In livestock production housing, ammonia emissions can also adversely affect the health, performance, and welfare of both animals and human operators. Nitrous oxide is a major greenhouse gas which has more than two hundred times the potency factor than carbon dioxide in global warming. Understanding the fate and transport processes of ammonia and nitrous oxide emissions in swine houses is a necessary first step in utilizing the appropriate abatement strategies. In this study, the examination and characterization of ammonia and nitrous oxide, major components of odors and toxic gases from swine operations, from an enclosed high-rise swine house were carried out using a photoacoustic gas analyzer. This study was carried out over the winter months to see the effect of seasonality on gas emissions. The gas emission profiles were monitored continuously for one day per week over a three-month period. The results showed that ammonia and nitrous oxide emission profiles appeared to peak during the morning hours from seven and noon for the months of January to March. The maximum averaged nitrous oxide and ammonia concentrations reached about 1.60 ppm and 60.0 ppm, respectively.

Last Modified: 9/1/2014
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