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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Cool Season Grain Legume Genetic Enhancement and Pathology Title: Chapter 12: Disease resistance in chickpea

Authors
item Millan, Teresa -
item Madrid, Eva -
item Imitiaz, Muhammad -
item Kharrat, Mohamed -
item Chen, Weidong

Submitted to: Book Chapter
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: July 30, 2012
Publication Date: N/A

Interpretive Summary: Chickpea is an important grain legume and is cultivated in many parts of the world. Its grain has valuable nutritional characteristics. During its growing season, chickpeas suffer from many diseases including Ascochyta blight and Fusarium wilt along with others such as Botrytis gray mold or rust, which are major constraints for stable chickpea production. This book chapter reviews current knowledge of the important diseases of chickpea, their management practices, and molecular markers associated with resistance to the diseases, aiming at applications of the markers in marker-assisted selection in chickpea breeding. It also discusses the future potentials of genomic tools for chickpea breeding against the important biotic stresses.

Technical Abstract: Chickpea is a grain legume with valuable nutritional characteristics; it is a basic aliment in Asian countries such as India and Pakistan as well as a traditional ingredient in Mediterranean diet. Biotic stresses such as ascochyta blight and fusarium wilt together with other diseases such as botrytis gray mold or rust are major constraints for stable chickpea productions. Marker-assisted selection (MAS) is a tool that is significantly augmenting the efficacy and efficiency of chickpea breeding programs. In this chapter, current status and future potentials of genomic tools for chickpea breeding against biotic stresses are reviewed. It also provides an overview of causal agent, host resistance inheritance, gene or QTL mapping, genetic resources and progress in introgression of resistance genes to cultivated chickpea as well as integrated disease management.

Last Modified: 10/31/2014
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