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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CHEMICAL MODIFICATION OF COTTON FOR VALUE ADDED APPLICATIONS

Location: Cotton Chemistry and Utilization Research

Title: Development of fiber reactive, non-halogenated flame retardant on cotton fabrics and the enhanced flame retardancy by covalent bonding

Authors
item Yoshioka-Tarver, Megumi
item Condon, Brian
item Santiago Cintron, Michael
item Chang, Sechin
item Easson, Michael
item Fortier, Chanel
item Madison, Crista
item Bland, John

Submitted to: American Chemical Society National Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 28, 2012
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: The US law requires flame resistant properties on apparel or house hold items to prevent or minimize the fire damage. The objective of this research was to develop a non-halogenated flame retardant for application onto cotton fabrics. These treated fabrics can then be used in clothes or beddings to increase their flame resistance. Here describes the synthesis, characterization, and flammability of a water-soluble, non-halogenated organophosphorus flame retardant (FR), dimethyl-[1,3,5-(3,5-triacryloylhexahydro)triazinyl]-3-oxopropylphosphonate. The FR was synthesized in a one-step reaction bounder mild conditions and its structure was characterized. The finishing condition to achieve a covalent bond between the FR and fabrics was optimized, and the FR capability of the treated cotton was investigated by LOI, vertical flame tests, TGA, and MCC tests. This study showed that fabrics treated with the FR are effectively flame resistant, and the FR property is enhanced by covalent bonding of the FR to fibers.

Last Modified: 11/22/2014
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