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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IPM TECHNOLOGIES FOR INSECT PESTS OF ORCHARD CROPS

Location: Subtropical Insects and Horticulture Research

Title: Asian citrus psyllid tolerance to heat

Authors
item Hall, David
item Hentz, Matthew

Submitted to: Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 6, 2012
Publication Date: November 1, 2012
Citation: Hall, D.G., Hentz, M.G. 2012. Asian citrus psyllid tolerance to heat [Abstract]. Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting, November 11-14, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Technical Abstract: The Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama, is a vector of huanglongbing (citrus greening disease). We investigated heat tolerance of adults from a laboratory colony maintained at 28 degrees C by exposing them for various periods of time to temperatures ranging from 43 to 60 degrees C. When adult Asian Citrus Psyllid (ACP) were exposed to 43 degrees C, 99 percent died after an exposure period of 130 minutes (2.2 hours) and 100 percent died after an exposure period of 140 minutes (2.3 hours). No ACP died when exposed to 43 degrees C for 10 minutes. At 60 degrees C, 100 percent adult ACP were killed following an exposure period of six minutes. An average of 7.5 percent ACP was killed following 0.5 minutes (30 seconds) of exposure to this temperature. A model was generated for relating percentage mortality of psyllids exposed to different heat treatments.

Last Modified: 8/31/2014
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