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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Enhancing Quality, Utility, Sustainability, Environmental Impact of Cotton and Its Byproducts Through Improvement in Harvest/gin Processing

Location: Cotton Ginning Research

Title: Mote robber system PM2.5 emission factors and rates for cotton gins

item Buser, Michael -
item Whitelock, Derek
item Boykin Jr, James
item Holt, Gregory

Submitted to: World Wide Web
Publication Type: Other
Publication Acceptance Date: January 25, 2013
Publication Date: January 25, 2013
Citation: Buser, M.D., Whitelock, D.P., Boykin Jr, J.C., Holt, G.A. 2013. Mote robber system PM2.5 emission factors and rates for cotton gins. National Cotton Gin Technical Reports. Report #OSU12-13. Available:

Technical Abstract: This manuscript is part of a series of manuscripts that detail a project to characterize cotton gin emissions from the standpoint of stack and ambient sampling. The impetus behind the project was the 2006 EPA implementation of a more stringent standard for particulate matter less than or equal to 2.5 micrometers (PM2.5) and the fact that there was very little available cotton gin PM2.5 emissions data. The objective for this study was the development of PM2.5 emission factors for cotton gin mote cyclone robber systems based on the EPA-approved stack sampling methodology, Other Test Method 27. The project plan included sampling seven cotton gins across the Cotton Belt. Key factors for selecting specific cotton gins included: 1) facility location (geographically diverse), 2) industry representative production capacity, 3) typical processing systems, and 4) equipped with properly designed and maintained 1D3D cyclones. Three of the seven gins had mote cyclone robber systems. In terms of capacity, the three gins were typical of the industry, averaging 21.6 bales/hr during testing. Average measured PM2.5 emission factor based on the three tests (5 total test runs) was 0.004 kg/bale (0.010 lb/bale). The project emission factors for PM10 and total particulate were 0.008 kg/bale (0.018 lb/bale) and 0.040 kg/bale (0.089 lb/bale), respectively. The PM2.5 emission rate from test averages ranged from 0.04 to 0.24 kg/hr (0.08 to 0.53 lb/hr). The ratios of PM2.5 to total particulate, PM2.5 to PM10, and PM10 to total particulate were 10.9, 54.4, and 20.1%, respectively.

Last Modified: 10/31/2014
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