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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Molecular Biology of Human Pathogens Associated with Food

Location: Produce Safety and Microbiology Research

Title: Evolution of campylobacter species in New Zealand

Authors
item French, Nigel -
item Yu, Shoukai -
item Biggs, Patrick -
item Binney, Barbara -
item Fearnhead, Paul -
item Holland, Barbara -
item Fox, Andrew -
item Grove-White, Dai -
item Miller, William
item Muellner, Petra -
item Carter, Philip -

Submitted to: Campylobacter Ecology and Evolution
Publication Type: Book / Chapter
Publication Acceptance Date: April 15, 2013
Publication Date: March 1, 2014
Citation: French, N., Yu, S., Biggs, P., Binney, B., Fearnhead, P., Holland, B., Fox, A., Grove-White, D., Miller, W.G., Muellner, P., Carter, P. 2014. Evolution of campylobacter species in New Zealand. Campylobacter Ecology and Evolution. In: Meric, G. and Sheppard, S., editors. Norfolk, UK: Caister Academic Press. p.221-240.

Technical Abstract: New Zealand is an isolated archipelago in the South-West Pacific with a unique fauna and flora, a feature partly attributable to it being the last sizable land mass to be colonized by man. In this chapter we test the hypothesis that different periods in the history of New Zealand – from pre-history to post-Polynesian/pre-European arrival and post-European - have left a signature on the evolution of Campylobacter spp. that is detectable in the extant population today. In order to explore and test this hypothesis we describe a brief, relevant history of New Zealand, followed by three studies: 1)an examination of recently discovered populations of new Campylobacter spp. in endemic wild birds and environmental water; 2)a comparison of isolates from humans, ruminants and poultry in the United Kingdom and New Zealand and; 3)an examination of the phylogeny of samples of multi-locus sequence typing(MLST)genotype ST-474, the strain responsible for a multi-year poultry-associated epidemic in New Zealand.

Last Modified: 11/28/2014
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