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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: NEW CROPS AND MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES TO IMPROVE CROPPING EFFICIENCY IN SHORT-SEASON HIGH-STRESS ENVIRONMENTS

Location: Soil Management Research

Title: Water use in a winter camelina – soybean double crop system

Authors
item Gesch, Russell
item Johnson, Jane

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 6, 2013
Publication Date: November 6, 2013
Citation: Gesch, R.W., Johnson, J.M. 2013. Water use in a winter camelina – soybean double crop system. Meeting Abstract. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting Abstracts. ASA-CSSA-SSSA Annual Meeting. Nov. 3-6, 2013, Tampa, FL. Available: https://scisoc.confex.com/scisoc/2013am/webprogram/Paper79418.html.

Technical Abstract: Double-cropping winter camelina (Camelina sativa) followed by soybean (Glycine max) may increase land-use efficiency by producing food and biofuel in a single season and is a viable cropping system for the northern Corn Belt. However, regional success of double-cropping, especially under dryland conditions, is highly dependent on water use (i.e., having enough water to produce both crops). A 2-yr field study was conducted in western Minnesota to determine seasonal water use in winter camelina – soybean double crop systems compared to a full-season soybean crop. Different methods of sequential double-cropping and relay-cropping were evaluated. Additionally, rooting depth and density of camelina at early reproductive phase were evaluated to a soil depth of 1 m. Water use (spring to final harvest) varied little between double crop treatments but as expected was greater than the single full-season soybean. However, the difference was relatively small, largely due to the short lifecycle of camelina. Water use in the double crop systems was only about 21-25 mm greater than the full-season soybean in yr-1 and 40-60 mm greater in yr-2. About 80% of camelina’s root mass was within the surface to 30 cm depth and only around 5% within the 60-100 cm depth. Results also indicated that about 20-30% of camelina’s biomass is belowground. The seasonal water use for a winter camelina – soybean double crop system did not differ greatly from that of a single full-season soybean crop, indicating that it may be suitable for many dryland cropping areas in the Corn Belt.

Last Modified: 7/25/2014
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