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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Molecular Biology of Human Pathogens Associated with Food

Location: Produce Safety and Microbiology Research

Title: The need for agriculture phenotyping: “Moving from genotype to phenotype”

Authors
item Boggess, Mark
item Lippolis, John
item Hurkman Ii, William
item Fagerquist, Clifton
item Briggs, Steve -
item Gomes, Aldrin -
item Righetti, Pier Giorgio -
item Bala, Kumar -

Submitted to: Journal of Proteomics
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: March 19, 2013
Publication Date: April 2, 2013
Citation: Boggess, M.V., Lippolis, J.D., Hurkman II, W.J., Fagerquist, C.K., Briggs, S.P., Gomes, A.V., Righetti, P., Bala, K. 2013. The need for agriculture phenotyping: “Moving from genotype to phenotype”. Journal of Proteomics. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jptot.2013.3.021.

Interpretive Summary: This review focuses on the global demand for increased agricultural productivity arising from population growth and how we can address this challenge using biotechnology. With a population well above seven million humans, in a very unbalanced nutritional state (20% overwieght, 20% risking starvation) drastic measures have to be taken at the political,infrastructure and scientific levels. While we cannot influence politics, it is our duty as scientists to see what can be done to feed humanity. Hence we highlight the transformational change in the use of biotechnology tools over traditional methods to increase agricultural productivity (plant and animal). Specifically, this review deals at length on a how a three-pronged attach, namely combined genomics, proteomics and metabolomics, can help ensure global food security and safety.

Technical Abstract: Increase in the world population has called for the increased demand for agricultural productivity. Traditional methods to augment crop and animal production are facing exacerbating pressures in keeping up with population growth. This challenge has in turn led to the transformational change in the use of biotechnology tools to meet increased productivity for both plant and animal systems. Although many challenges exist, the use of proteomic techniques to understand agricultural problems is steadily increasing. This review discusses the impact of genomics, proteomics, metabolomics and phenotypes on plant, animal and bacterial systems to achieve global food security and safety and we highlight examples of intra- and extramural research work that is currently being done to increase agricultural productivity. This review focuses on the global demand for increased agricultural productivity arising from population growth and how we can address this challenge using biotechnology. With a population well above seven billion humans, in a very unbalanced nutritional state (20% overweight, 20% risking starvation) drastic measures have to be taken at the political, infrastructure and scientific levels. While we cannot influence politics, it is our duty as scientists to see what can be done to feed humanity. Hence we highlight the transformational change in the use of biotechnology tools over traditional methods to increase agricultural productivity (plant and animal). Specifically, this review deals at length on how a three-pronged attack, namely combined genomics, proteomics and metabolomics, can help to ensure global food security and safety.

Last Modified: 10/23/2014