Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: ENHANCING GENETIC MERIT OF RUMINANTS THROUGH GENOME SELECTION AND ANALYSIS

Location: Animal Genomics and Improvement Laboratory

Title: A genome-wide survey reveals a deletion polymorphism associated with resistance to gastrointestinal nematodes in Angus cattle

Authors
item Xu, Lingyang -
item Hou, Yali -
item Bickhart, Derek
item Song, Jiuzhou -
item Van Tassell, Curtis
item Sonstegard, Tad
item Liu, Ge

Submitted to: Functional and Integrative Genomics
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: February 9, 2014
Publication Date: April 10, 2014
Citation: Xu, L., Hou, Y., Bickhart, D.M., Song, J., Van Tassell, C.P., Sonstegard, T.S., Liu, G. 2014. A genome-wide survey reveals a deletion polymorphism associated with resistance to gastrointestinal nematodes in Angus cattle. Functional and Integrative Genomics. DOI: 10.1007/s10142-014-0371-6.

Interpretive Summary: Gastrointestinal nematode infections are a worldwide threat to animal health and production. Using a genome-wide association study based on copy number variations (CNV), we identified one deletion CNV and its neighboring genes associated with parasite resistance. Farmers, Scientist, and policy planners who need improve animal health and production based on genome-enable animal selection will benefit from this chapter.

Technical Abstract: Gastrointestinal (GI) nematode infections are a worldwide threat to animal health and production. In this study, we performed a genome-wide association study between copy number variations (CNV) and resistance to GI nematodes in an Angus cattle population. Using a linear regression analysis, we identified one deletion CNV which reaches genome-wide significance after Bonferroni correction. With multiple mapped human olfactory receptor genes but no annotated bovine genes in the region, this significantly associated CNV displays high population frequencies (58.26%) with a length of 104.8 kb on chr7. We further investigated the linkage disequilibrium (LD) relationships between this CNV and its nearby SNPs and genes. The underlining haplotype blocks contain immune related genes such as ZNF496 and NLRP3. As this CNV co-segregates with linked SNPs and associated genes, we suspect it could contribute to the detected variations in gene expression and thus differences in host parasite resistance.

Last Modified: 9/22/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page