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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Improved Sugar Beet Germplasm and Innovative Disease Management Approaches to Increase Yield and Reduce Product Losses

Location: Northwest Irrigation and Soils Research

Title: Beet curly top resistance in USDA-ARS Kimberly sugar beet germplasm, 2013

Authors
item Eujayl, Imad
item Strausbaugh, Carl

Submitted to: Plant Disease Management Reports
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: June 16, 2014
Publication Date: August 12, 2014
Citation: Eujayl, I.A., Strausbaugh, C.A. 2014. Beet curly top resistance in USDA-ARS Kimberly sugar beet germplasm, 2013. Plant Disease Management Reports. 8:FC250.

Interpretive Summary: Curly top in the semiarid production areas of the United States is caused by Beet curly top virus and vectored by the beet leafhopper. Resistant sugar beet cultivars became available in the 1930s prior to which curly top almost eliminated the sugar beet industry in the western United States. However, resistance is typically low to intermediate in commercial cultivars and has a tendency to be associated with lower yield potential. Thus, novel sources of resistance need to be identified and incorporated into commercial cultivars. Fourteen sugar beet lines were screened for resistance to curly top. Three of the lines performed very well and will be investigated further. These germplasm lines will be released to the general public, so they can be utilized to improve resistance in commercial cultivars.

Technical Abstract: Curly top caused by Beet curly top virus is a widespread disease problem vectored by the beet leafhopper in semiarid sugar beet production areas. Host resistance is the primary defense against this problem, but resistance in commercial cultivars is only low to intermediate. In order to identify novel sources of curly top resistance, 14 sugar beet lines were screened in a disease nursery in 2013. The lines were arranged in a randomized complete block design with six replications. A curly top epiphytotic was created by releasing six viruliferous beet leafhoppers per plant at the four- to six-leaf growth stage on 27 Jun. Foliar symptoms were evaluated on 16 Jul using a scale of 0-9 (0 = healthy and 9 = dead) in a continuous manner. Curly top symptom development was uniform and no other disease problems were evident in the plot area. The disease pressure in the test was moderately severe with good symptom development in the susceptible check. Based on all variables, three of the lines were not significantly different from the resistant control, HM PM90. These germplasm lines will be released to the general public, so they can be utilized to improve resistance in commercial cultivars.

Last Modified: 12/22/2014
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