Page Banner

United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Improvement and Utilization of Natural Rubber- and Castor Oil-producing Industrial Crops

Location: Bioproducts Research

Title: Effect of non-rubber constituents on guayule and Hevea rubber intrinsic properties

Authors
item Monadjemi, Shirin -
item McMahan, Colleen
item Cornish, Katrina -

Submitted to: American Chemical Society Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 1, 2014
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: To meet the increasing demand for natural rubber (NR), and address price volatility and steadily increasing labor costs, alternate rubber-producing species are in commercial development. One of these, guayule (Parthenium argentatum), has emerged on the market as a sustainable commercial source of high quality rubber. Non-rubber constituents play an important role in the physical properties of NR products. The intrinsic composition of the two NR materials differs and these differences may be a principal cause of the performance differences between them. We have compared the effect of non-rubber constituents, such as protein, lipids, resin and rubber particle membranes. Firstly, a film casting method was developed to obtain rubber films with a uniform thickness. Secondly, the glass transition of different rubbers was determined by dynamic mechanical analysis and tensile properties were tested in green (uncompounded) materials. Guayule natural rubber (GNR), from which most of the membranes (and, therefore, most of the lipid and protein) were removed while in latex form (MRGNR) was found to have higher intrinsic strength than GNR or gel-free Hevea natural rubber (LMwNR). Surprisingly, our results showed that MRGNR underwent strain-crystallization even after removal of much of the protein and lipid content found in the rubber particle membranes. An acetone extraction was performed to quantify the resin and free lipids in the rubber samples. GNR was found to have the highest acetone soluble contents. An increase of the strain at break was observed for the resulting films and MRGNR films showed tensile properties superior to GR films.

Last Modified: 11/26/2014
Footer Content Back to Top of Page