Submitted to: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: May 3, 1996
Publication Date: N/A
Interpretive Summary: Fumonisins are toxic compounds produced by a fungus that is frequently found on corn. This paper reports that genes that control fumonisin production appear to be physically close to each other on a fungal chromosome. This information should help us in isolating and studying fumonisin genes to determine how this toxin is made in corn.
Technical Abstract: Most naturally-occurring strains of the fungus Gibberella fujikuroi mating population A produce high levels of the mycotoxin fumonisin B1 (FB1) which is oxygenated at both carbons C-5 and C-10. Some strains, however, produce only fumonisin B2 (FB2) or fumonisin B3 (FB3), suggesting that they lack the ability to hydroxylate positions C-10 or C-5, respectively. Genetic analysis indicates that these different phenotypes are due to single gene defects at closely linked loci designated fum2 and fum3. Further allelism tests indicate that both fum2 and fum3 are closely linked to fum1, a previously identified gene that regulates fumonisin production. The recovery frequency of FB1 producing progeny from Cross 510 between fum1 and fum2 mutations suggests a map distance of approximately 6.2 cM between these two loci. Amplified fragment length polymorphism analysis of parents and progeny of Cross 510 was employed to confirm that the FB1 producing strains are recombinant progeny. We conclude that fum1, fum2, and fum3 constitute a fumonisin biosynthetic gene cluster on chromosome 1 of the restriction fragment length-map of G. fujikuroi.