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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Statistical Evaluation of Biodegradation of News Ink Vehicles and Ink Formulations

Authors
item Erhan, Sevim
item Bagby, Marvin - RETIRED, USDA/ARS
item Nelsen, Terry

Submitted to: Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: February 11, 1997
Publication Date: N/A

Interpretive Summary: Soybean oil, commercial news ink vehicles consisting of either soy or mineral oil and petroleum resins and United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) 100% modified soy oil based vehicles were subjected to biodegradation. Some differences were found in the abilities of the cultures to degrade the different inks. USDA's 100% modified soy oil based vehicle degraded quicker and more completely than the commercial inks.

Technical Abstract: Soybean oil, commercial news ink vehicles consisting of either soy or mineral oil and petroleum resins and United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) 100% modified soy oil based vehicles were subjected to biodegradation. Soybean oil and each vehicle were inoculated with monocultures and mixed culture of Aspergillus fumigatus, Penicillium citrinum and Mucor racemosus. Fermentations were allowed to proceed for 5, 12 and 25 days. Results show that, in 25 days, soy oil was degraded the most, followed by the USDA's ink vehicles (USDA I-III), Newspaper Association of America's (NAA) hybrid soy oil based and commercial mineral oil based vehicles. Some differences were found in the abilities of the cultures to degrade the different inks. Color did not appear to affect degradation rate in soy oil, the USDA's inks or the NAA's ink but was a factor in the commercial ink.

Last Modified: 10/1/2014
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