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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Mass Flow Measurement of Pneumatically Conveyed Cotton

Authors
item Thomasson, John
item Pennington, D. - YAZOO-MS DELTA WTR MGT DS
item Pringle, H. - MSU-DELTA RESEARCH EXT CT
item Columbus, E. - MSU-AGR & BIO ENGR DEPT
item Thomson, Steven
item Byler, Richard

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: June 18, 1997
Publication Date: N/A

Interpretive Summary: For continued profitability in modern agriculture, it is increasingly important to know how well different parts of a field produce a crop. This is called yield monitoring, and it allows variations in crop inputs to maximize profit. It is also important to process each quantity of a crop in the optimal manner. This is called process control, and it also maximizes profit. Yield monitoring in cotton production requires the ability to measure the flow of cotton in an air stream. The ability to measure cotton flow in such a way would also be very useful in cotton gin process control systems. In this work, two instruments were developed and tested for their accuracy in measuring the flow rate of cotton in a harvester and in different locations in a gin. One device worked well in each application. The other, more compact, device worked well in measuring seed cotton flow, which is important to harvesting and the unloading process at the gin. Both hdevices show promise and will be tested further.

Technical Abstract: Mass flow measurement of pneumatically conveyed cotton is important in at least two processes: yield monitoring during harvesting, and input and output determinations at various stages of ginning. In this work, two electronic devices were constructed and tested for measuring the flow of pneumatically conveyed cotton. One (device A) was used to collect data in the seed-cotton unloading duct of a gin, a cotton picker duct, and a lint- cleaner-exhaust duct. The other (device B) was used to collect data in the seed-cotton unloading duct of a gin and a lint-cleaner-exhaust duct. Tests were conducted in which known amounts of cotton were conveyed through the duct over a known time period, making it possible to calculate the average actual material flow rate. The average output of each device during the test runs was also calculated. Actual flow rate was compared to measured flow rate with linear regression. For seed cotton in the unloading duct, both devices performed well. For seed cotton in the picker chute, device A performed well, but device B was not tested. For waste in the lint-cleaner- exhaust duct, device A performed well and better than device B. In most cases, the correlation between sensor output and cotton mass flow was strong. Both devices look promising for application in appropriate locations in a cotton picker or gin.

Last Modified: 11/25/2014
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