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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass to Value-Added Ion Exchange Materials

item Wing, Robert
item Sessa, David
item Willett, Julious

Submitted to: Biomass Conference of the Americas Proceedings and Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 29, 1997
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Several biomass agricultural materials (starch, corn fiber, ground corn cobs, corn and soy proteins and cellulose fiber) have been reacted thermochemically with citric acid. Citric acid dehydrates at high temperature to form a reactive anhydride, which reacts with hydroxyl groups of carbohydrates and/or hydroxyl or amino groups of proteins. Data will be presented to show effect of temperature, citric acid concentration, pH and reaction time. Reaction efficiencies approaching 100% were achieved, while minimizing cross- linking and maximizing carboxyl content. Biomass carbohydrate makeup (starch, cellulose, hemi-cellulose) gives products showing variable reaction efficiencies and properties. High concentrations of protein in some samples evaluated give completely different reaction products. Preliminary reaction structure profiles (FTIR, NIR, NMR etc.) will be presented to elucidate reactive properties. The products possess high ion exchange capacity, and data is presented for copper exchange and regeneration. The potential exists for one-time use to yield biodegradable materials in lieu of petrochemically-based resins.

Last Modified: 4/22/2015
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