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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Synergism Between 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 and 9-Cis-Retinoic Acid in the Regulation of the Rat Renal 24-Hydroxylase

Authors
item Reinhardt, Timothy
item Horst, Ronald

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: May 29, 1997
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: The retinoic acid receptor (RXR) forms a heterodimer with the vitamin D receptor (VDR) to activate genes which are regulated by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3]. In the absence of RXR's ligand, 9-cis-retinoic acid (9-cis-RA), the RXR appears to be a silent partner to VDR. The effect of 9-cis-RA on VDR/RXR heterodimer formation, and 1,25(OH)2D3-mediated gene expression in vivo remains to be examined. In the present study, we examined the effect of exogenous 9-cis-RA or the 9-cis-RA precursors 9,13-di-cis-RA and 9-cis-retinaldehyde (RCHO) on 1,25(OH)2D3-mediated induction of rat renal 24-hydroxylase in vivo. Treatment groups were as follows: vehicle; 1,25(OH)2D3; 1,25(OH)2D3+9-cis-RA; 1,25(OH)2D3+ 9,13-di-cis-RA; 1,25(OH)2D3+9-cis-RCHO; 9-cis-RA; 9,13-di-cis-RA; and 9-cis-RCHO. 1,25(OH)2D3 was administered IP 18 h prior to sacrifice. The retinoids were administered every 4 h starting 28 h prior to sacrifice, in order to compensate for 9-cis-RA's short half-life. The last retinoid dose was administered 4 h prior to sacrifice.

Last Modified: 9/2/2014
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