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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Differences Between Blood Mononuclear Leukocyte Populations of Neonatal Calves and Adult Cows

item Rajaraman, Veena - IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY
item Nonnecke, Brian
item Horst, Ronald

Submitted to: International Virtual Conference on Infectious Diseases of Animals
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 20, 1997
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Neonates are more susceptible to infectious diseases than adults. The objective of this study was to characterize the phenotype and in vitro functional capacities of blood mononuclear leukocytes (MNL) from calves during the first week postpartum and compare these characteristics with those of MNL from adult cows. Populations of MNL from neonates had differing T cell subset, B cell, and monocyte percentages than did MNL populations from adults. Functionally, mitogen-stimulated adult MNL produced 100-fold more interferon-gamma (IFN) and 5- to 6-fold more IgM than identically stimulated cultures of neonatal MNL. These differences are likely due to the immaturity of the neonatal immune system and suggest the neonatal MNL are less functionally responsive than adult MNL. Mitogen-induced IFN production and DNA synthesis, and percentages of MHC class II positive cells were lowest in MNL from calves 1 to 4 d of age. These results indicate there is a period of hyporesponsiveness of the immune system in the immediate postpartum period which may contribute to the elevated susceptibility of the calf to infectious diseases.

Last Modified: 4/22/2015
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