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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Understanding Whole-Plant Calcium Transport to Improve the Calcium Nutritional Quality of Green Bean Pods

Authors
item Pomper, Kirk
item Grusak, Michael

Submitted to: Phytonutrients and Health Forum and Workshop
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: March 1, 1998
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Calcium (Ca) is an essential nutrient important for bone growth and cellular metabolism. Because various studies have indicated that the recommended daily intake of Ca is not being met by many population groups, we are interested in enhancing the Ca concentration of vegetables, such as green beans. We have utilized two green bean cultivars, 'Hystyle' and 'Labrador', that exhibit high and low Ca levels, respectively, to assess C dynamics in this plant. We wished to determine whether observed differences in Ca concentration of stem xylem-sap were related to differences in whole-plant water uptake and Ca import. Well-watered greenhouse-grown plants, selected at flowering and at two stages of pod development, were placed in a growth chamber at a constant light intensity. Pot weight loss was measured to determine whole-plant water use and stem xylem exudate was subsequently collected from the severed base of the shoot. 'Hystyle' displayed 50% higher Ca concentration in exudate than 'Labrador' during pod development. 'Labrador' showed 35% greater total water transport through the stem than 'Hystyle'. Additional plants were used to determine total, long-term Ca uptake. No significant differences in total Ca were seen between cultivars at the three harvest dates. With whole-plant Ca uptake being equivalent, the results suggest that higher water uptake in 'Labrador' led to a dilution of Ca in the xylem stream and thus less total Ca was transported to developing pods, relative to that in 'Hystyle'. These results reveal that green bean varieties with low whole-plant water use have the potential to yield edible pods with elevated Ca content.

Last Modified: 10/24/2014
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