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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Title: Impact of Drought on High Temperature Protection Systems of Cotton Seedlings

Authors
item Burke, John
item McMichael, Bobbie

Submitted to: National Cotton Council Beltwide Cotton Conference
Publication Type: Proceedings
Publication Acceptance Date: January 6, 1999
Publication Date: N/A

Technical Abstract: Cotton production on the High Plains of Texas during the 1998 growing season was devastated by a severe drought. Severe soil water deficits and elevated soil temperatures at planting and during stand establishment contributed to the loss of the crop. This study evaluated the impact of water stress on the high temperature protection systems of cotton seedlings. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) was used to establish a water stress of -0.4 MPa. Seeds were germinated in water-moistened paper towels and transferred to paper towels saturated with the PEG solutions 20 hours after planting. PEG-treated seedlings showed reduced hypocotyl elongation at root growth compared with well-watered controls. Temperature response curves for chlorophyll accumulation upon exposure to light revealed significant reductions in the ability to accumulate chlorophyll in the PEG-treated seedlings. PEG-treated seedlings maintained elevated HSP101 and HSP17.6 protein levels long after their disappearance from cotyledons of well- watered seedlings. Characterization of acquired thermotolerance levels revealed no enhancement in seedling protection in the water-stressed seedlings despite the presence of HSP101 and HSP17.6 proteins. The findings of this study show that water-stressed cotton seedlings are greatly reduced in their ability to accumulate chlorophyll upon emergence, and that the high temperature protection systems are not enhanced over that of well- watered seedlings, despite the presence of HSP101 and HSP17.6 proteins.

Last Modified: 10/20/2014
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