SMALL FRUIT PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
Location: Appalachian Fruit Research Laboratory: Innovative Fruit Production, Improvement and Protection
Title: PHYTONUTRIENT EVALUATION OF STRAWBERRIES FROM FIELD AND GREENHOUSE PRODUCTION ENVIRONMENTS
Submitted to: HortScience
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: December 12, 2004
Publication Date: July 1, 2005
Citation: Takeda, F., Lester, G.E., Chandler, C., Perkins Veazie, P.M., Prior, R.L. 2005. Phytonutrient evaluation of strawberries from field and greenhouse production environments. Hortscience. Vol 40(3): 879. 2005.
Fresh strawberries (Fragaria × ananassa Duch) are readily available throughout the year with several new cultivars successfully grown in diverse environmental conditions (e.g. field and greenhouse). Consumption of strawberries with higher nutritive values and antioxidant activity may contribute to improved human wellness. Phytonutrient contents and antioxidant activity was measured as oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC ) were assayed in berries (cvs. 'Camarosa', 'Diamante', and 'Gaviota') sampled in January, February-March, and April-May from fields in Plant City, Fl, and Oxnard, CA, and from a greenhouse in Kearneysville, WV. Strawberry cultivars varied in skin color, soluble solids, total phenolics, anthocyanins, ascorbic acid, folic acid, and ORAC activity. Responses to the environment were cultivar-dependent. All phytonutrient constituents were lower in 'Diamante' berries compared to 'Camarosa' and 'Gaviota'. For all cultivars, berry ORAC activity declined as TSS increased, and ORAC activity was coincident with phenolic content. ORAC activity in berries fruit-harvested from plants grown in a temperature-controlled greenhouse did not change during the January to May sampling period. For 'Gaviota', ORAC activity in greenhouse-produced berries was the same as that of field-produced berries, whereas greenhouse vs. field-gown 'Camarosa' and 'Diamante' berries ORAC was higher and lower respectively. These findings demonstrate that the environmental conditions in greenhouses in Kearneysville, WV from winter to spring are adequate for 'Camarosa' and 'Gaviota' color development, but not for 'Diamante' strawberries. Of the three cultivars, only 'Camarosa' was highly productive (1.2 kg berries per plant), even in the greenhouse. Berries were high in ascorbic acid, folic acid, phenolic acid, anthocyanins, and ORAC activity.