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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: CONTROL MECHANISMS FOR MYCOTOXIN PREVENTION IN PEANUTS AND THEIR ROTATION CROPS

Location: Peanut Research

Title: Control and prevention of mycotoxins in peanuts

Author
item Dorner, Joe

Submitted to: American Chemical Society Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: November 4, 2007
Publication Date: April 6, 2008
Citation: Dorner, J.W. 2008. Control and prevention of mycotoxins in peanuts. American Chemical Society Abstracts.

Interpretive Summary: none required.

Technical Abstract: Mycotoxins that contaminate peanuts are essentially restricted to the aflatoxins, produced by Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus, and cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), produced by A. flavus. Most methods currently in use to control mycotoxins in peanuts seek to remove individually contaminated kernels from lots that became contaminated either in the field or during storage. These include screening, kernel sizing, density separations, and electronic color sorting. Recently however, a method for biological control of aflatoxin and CPA contamination has been developed that prevents much of the contamination that might otherwise occur. It is based on competitive exclusion that is achieved by inoculating fields with a competitive, nontoxigenic strain of A. flavus. Large-scale field studies have demonstrated aflatoxin reductions in farmers= stock peanuts averaging 86% and reductions in edible-grade, shelled peanuts as high as 98%. The biocontrol technology has been commercialized and is marketed as the biopesticide, afla-guard7.

Last Modified: 8/27/2014
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