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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Monitoring of Antimicrobial Resistance in Food Animal Production

Location: Bacterial Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance

Title: Exploring the interactions between bacterial populations and antimicrobials

Author
item Cray, Paula

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: March 28, 2012
Publication Date: March 29, 2012
Citation: Cray, P.J. 2012. Exploring the interactions between bacterial populations and antimicrobials [abstract]. Northeast Georgia Section of the American Chemical Society. March 29, 2012, Athens, Georgia.

Technical Abstract: Bacteria are ubiquitous, covering every ecological niche known to man. Within these ecological niches bacterial populations adapt to ensure their survival. The development of antimicrobial resistance is an example of a bacterium's ability to adapt and survive. Antimicrobial resistance developed shortly after their introduction and wide spread use during World War II. Today antimicrobial resistance is a global problem which is exacerbated by the limited development of new classes of antimicrobials. While overuse and misuse of antimicrobials in human medicine plays a major role in the resistance currently reported, the use of antimicrobials in animal production is also of concern. The study of specific ecological niches, including farm environments, waterways, and animals themselves provides us with the opportunity to assess the role each plays in the development and dissemination of resistant bacteria. This presentation will provide an overview of antimicrobial resistance among food borne and commensalism bacteria in these ecological niches and explore the challenges associated with the control and mitigation of resistance among these bacterial populations.

Last Modified: 8/19/2014
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