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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: USING FUNCTIONAL AND APPLIED GENOMICS TO IMPROVE STRESS AND DISEASE RESISTANCE IN FRUIT TREES

Location: Appalachian Fruit Research Laboratory: Innovative Fruit Production, Improvement and Protection

Title: CBF gene expression in peach leaf and bark tissues is gated by a circadian clock

Authors
item Wisniewski, Michael
item Bassett, Carole
item Norelli, John (jay)
item Artlip, Timothy

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: April 30, 2012
Publication Date: July 15, 2012
Citation: Wisniewski, M.E., Bassett, C.L., Norelli, J.L., Artlip, T.S. 2012. CBF gene expression in peach leaf and bark tissues is gated by a circadian clock [abstract]. ASHS National Conference Program. p. 45.

Technical Abstract: CBFs regulate a host of genes (CBF-regulon) that respond to low temperature and play a role in cold acclimation. In peach, (Prunus persica) there are at least 4 CBF genes situated in tandem on scaffold 5 of the peach genome. This is in contrast to apple (Malus x domestica) where there are 5 complete CBF genes that are not in tandem and are distributed on different linkage groups. CBF gene expression induced by low temperature has also been shown to be gated by a circadian clock (Fowler et al., 2005. Plant Physiol 137:961-968). In contrast to herbaceous plants, CBF gene expression patterns in woody plants are more complex. The present study was conducted to determine if CBF gene expression in peach leaf and bark tissues was also influenced by a circadian clock. One-year-old ‘Loring’ peach trees grafted on ‘Bailey’ rootstocks were moved to a Conviron PGV36 growth chamber for 2 weeks with 12h day/ 12h night photoperiod. The light level during the day period was approximately 300 'moles photons m-2 sec-1. A constant temperature of 25 C was maintained. After two weeks of entrainment, a subset of trees was exposed to 4 C under = 100 'moles photons m-2 sec-1 continuous light for up to 48 h. Low temperature exposure was initiated at a Zeitgeber Time (ZT) of either ZT 4 or ZT 16 h (ZT 0 = subjective dawn) and leaf and bark tissues were harvested at various time points during the 48 h exposure. RNA was extracted from leaf and tissue samples and expression levels of 3 of the peach CBF genes were determined using RT-qPCR. Results indicated a distinct gating of CBF gene expression by a circadian clock for all 3 CBF genes and in both leaf and bark tissues. CBF expression in ZT 4 samples showed a clear induction after being placed at 4 C with expression peaking in leaf samples at 6 – 12 hours depending on the specific CBF gene while CBF expression peaked at 12 -24 h in bark tissues. In contrast to ZT 4 samples, CBF gene expression in ZT 16 samples was highly attenuated. These results are in agreement with similar studies in Arabidopsis. Analysis of expression patterns of two CBF-regulated genes (PpDhn1 and PpDhn3) in ZT 4 and ZT 16 samples is currently being conducted to determine the impact of CBF circadian gating on the expression CBF-regulon genes.

Last Modified: 9/21/2014