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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: SUBTROPICAL INSECT PESTS OF VEGETABLES AND ORNAMENTAL PLANTS

Location: Subtropical Insects and Horticulture Research

Title: Haplotype analysis of global chili thrips (Schirtothrips dorsalis) populations using the metazoan barcode

Authors
item Dickey, Aaron
item Osborne, Lance -
item Kumar, Vivek -
item Shatters, Robert
item McKenzie, Cindy

Submitted to: Meeting Abstract
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: August 24, 2012
Publication Date: November 10, 2012
Citation: Dickey, A.M., Osborne, L.S., Kumar, V., Shatters, R.G., Mckenzie, C.L. 2012. Haplotype analysis of global chili thrips (Schirtothrips dorsalis) populations using the metazoan barcode [Abstract]. Entomological Society of America Annual Meeting, November 11-14, Knoxville, Tennessee.

Technical Abstract: Scirtothirps dorsalis is a globally invasive polyphagous crop pest infesting several major field and ornamental crops. Established in Florida since 2005, it had spread to Texas within one year. Establishing a putative source locality of the US population would help stakeholders target effective control and quarantine strategies for this pest. But this effort is complicated by phylogenetic and morphological evidence suggesting that S. dorsalis may be a cryptic species complex. In an attempt to overcome these challenges, the metazoan barcode region of the mitochondrial CO1 gene of chili thrips populations from Israel, China, Singapore, India, and the US was sequenced, aligned, and analyzed using statistical parsimony. We report the patterns of diversity found within this species including particularly high haplotype diversity in Indian populations. We discuss the implications of our results for the phylogenetics of S. dorsalis and the origin of the US population.

Last Modified: 8/19/2014
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